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Muscle-Building Workout and Diet

Longevity & Why I Eat Once a Day
Nutrition & Our Hybrid Body In the 1950’s, my friend Bill was a very
gifted Engineer who made an extraordinary car. The car’s main fuel source was electricity,
and gasoline was to be put in whenever available. It was fine for the car to use gasoline every
other day or so, but the problem was that people ran it on gasoline nearly 90% of the
time. This resulted in the car breaking down frequently,
all the while Bill was trying to tell people “Use it the way it was designed!” Despite his advice, people continued to theorize
about how to properly use the car. Bill went bankrupt and left the Automotive
industry soon after. This situation my poor imaginary friend Bill
found himself in is quite like our modern Health Environment. How did eating get so complicated? Most of us just want to feel good, look good
and live a long life. You would think by now there would be a straightforward
consensus on what our eating habits should look like, but we’re faced with countless
trains of thought on the topic. Maybe we’re supposed to be doing the ABC
diet or XYZ diet or something in between? One of the first “diets” was proposed
by a man named George Cheyne in 1724. Now, on Amazon you can find over 50,000 different
books on the topic. Like Bill’s car, surely there is a simple
way we should be fueling our bodies that is most suitable for its design. Obviously we’re not engineered, but we Homo
Sapiens emerged around 200,000 years ago and the majority of that time, the food environment
could not have been anything like today’s food environment. Agriculture didn’t even exist for a good
190,000 years of that time. Not even the fruits and vegetables we have
today would have been similar as we hadn’t cultivated them to our liking. Just 700 years ago here’s what a banana
would have looked like. So what way of eating did we adapt to? The environment would have chosen our diet
rather than us. Your choices would have been to eat what was
available or be dead. The idea that our body must have adapted to
a certain ratio of macronutrients available in the environment is not novel; and recently
has become quite well known due to the “Paleo Diet”. However, what I’m getting at is our body
would have also had to have adapted to how often the food was available – there should
be a natural frequency of eating that promotes health and longevity. Where to start? The logic would be that more nourishment,
more food would make you healthier and live longer. But let’s take a look at this from the First
Principles method as described by Elon Musk: “It’s kind of mentally easier to reason
by analogy rather than from first principles. First Principles is kind of a Physics way
of looking at the world. And what that really means is you kind of
boil things down to the most fundamental truths and say ‘OK what are we sure is true?’
and then reason up from there. That takes a lot more mental energy.” So what do we know about longevity? Other than exercise, the word “superfood”
might come to mind. Maybe more Omega-3’s or some Red Wine or
making sure to take supplements and drink less alcohol. There are a lot of things that contribute
to longevity, but there is one method accepted by science that you can use to consistently
increase longevity. “If I take any organism on the planet earth
from yeast cells to spiders, insects, rabbits, dogs… and I reduce their caloric intake
by 30%, they live 30% longer. The only organism which has not yet been deliberately
tested by scientists are Homo-Sapiens!” Let’s start here. For some time, the conventional wisdom has
been that you need to get 3 balanced meals a day to stay healthy. Ever since I was a kid, “Breakfast, Lunch
and Dinner” seemed as natural as sleeping or going to the bathroom. Breakfast was the most important meal of the
day, I needed a healthy lunch to focus the rest of the school day and being sent to bed
without Dinner was child abuse. The situation is basically the same in Japan
where I now live, as with the rest of the world. If we want to reduce caloric intake to increase
lifespan, the only choice then is to eat less at each meal, because we need 3 meals, right? But where did this 3 meals a day idea come
from? As Abigail Carroll suggests in her book “Three
Squares: The Invention of the American Meal”: Eating three meals a day was basically invented
due to culture, When European settlers got to America, they found Native Americans were
basically just eating whenever they felt the urge to, rather than at specified times. The Europeans took their lack of defined eating
times as evidence that they were uncivilized and had them change. In short: The 3 meals a day paradigm is not
based off of our biological needs. How our environment designed us
In a Hunter Gatherer culture it wasn’t surprising at all to feast on a big catch, then survive
on very little or no food for an extended period of time until they were in need of
another big source of fat and protein. In fact, the environment up until now would
suggest that if we could not do that, we probably wouldn’t be alive to be reading about dieting. The Pirahã people, an indigenous hunter-gatherer
group of the Amazon Rainforest was extensively studied by an anthropological linguist named
Daniel Everett. He found they do not eat every day or even
attempt to do so. They were even aware of food storage techniques
yet never used them except to barter with Brazilian traders. When questioned about why they do not store
food for themselves they explained “I store meat in the belly of my brother”. Until the advent of Agriculture, eating 3
meals a day and in some cases even eating every day was a near impossibility. Some of you may be pointing to the fact that
the life expectancy in the Paleolithic era was much lower than now at around 33 years,
as a sign that our modern eating habits are healthier. However, infant mortality rate was a big factor
in bringing that number down. You have to understand that one of the effects
of modern civilization and technology is that you can be unresourceful or made up of weak
genetic material and not die. As Doug McGuff explains about the life expectancy
back then: “It didn’t really have anything to do with anabolic catabolic balance or long
term health benefits because there were older survivors and the fossil evidence of those
older survivors based on ligamentous attachments and bony assessment and bone mineral density
was: they were extraordinarily robust.” Glucose Metabolism & How “conventional wisdom”
screwed us The common misconception is that a stable
blood glucose is necessary for survival, which would biologically justify 3 meals a day. Bear with me through a bit of Biochemistry
to understand why constantly consuming Carbohydrates to maintain blood glucose is not only unnecessary
but can be a detrimental and vicious cycle. So, After you eat some carbohydrates- Bread,
Pasta, Candy, Whatever. Glucose enters the bloodstream and insulin
is secreted to distribute the glucose properly. Via an insulin receptor, glucose enters the
cells to produce energy. This can only happen at a certain rate, so
to overload the cell with glucose or have glucose sit in the bloodstream, 70 grams can
be stored in the liver and 200 grams in the muscle. So you have your morning bagel and some Frappa-
“Whatever you want, some vanilla bullshit latte cappa thing, you know whatever you got,
I don’t care.” and you’ve stored all the glucose you can store. So it has to go into your body fat. As well as storing it as energy, your body
puts it in your body fat because the fat cells have less complex machinery as the other cells. Too much glucose can bind to the proteins
and muck up the machinery of the cells in a harmful inflammatory process called Glycation. It’s kind of like pouring pancake syrup into
a car engine. The problem here is that if your energy levels
start to wane, you can’t tap the energy out of your stored body fat because the hormone
that does that- hormone sensitive lipase is sensitive to insulin. Insulin will not allow you to tap body fat
for energy. If you have a bunch of insulin sitting in
your blood from processing a bunch of glucose before and you need energy, you’re going to
get ravenously hungry and will need to jack your blood sugar up short term with a snack
or something to raise your energy levels again. This is why if you’re following the recommended
American diet, you’re usually going to be stuck in this loop of wanting to eat every
time your blood glucose drops and 3 meals a day will feel very necessary. Even Medical Doctor Peter Attia fell victim
to this: “Despite exercising 3 or 4 hours every single day and following the food pyramid
to the letter, I gained a lot of weight and developed something called ‘Metabolic Syndrome’
“ Ketosis to the rescue
If you stop eating glucose for about 10 to 12 hours, your glucose stores will deplete
and your body will start breaking down fat so that the liver can produce something called
Ketone bodies. Ketone bodies produce energy for your cells
through similar pathways as glucose but are much more stable, efficient and don’t cause
complications like we just talked about. You may have heard of this Ketosis state referred
to as “Starvation Mode” in school, but this by no means suggests you are about to
starve. I particularly dislike this term because it
suggests that glucose/carbohydrates is our body’s primary fuel source, when in fact
it is possible to live entirely without carbohydrates. “Humans have absolutely no requirement for
Carbohydrate. Not 1 gram do we require. We have this fabulous liver that produces
as much glucose as you require.” Case in point: A 456 pound 27 year old man
in Scotland fasted an incredible 382 days consuming only water and vitamin supplements. He lost 276 pounds and completed the fast
with no ill effects. He was technically in “Starvation mode”
this entire time and his body was using his stored body fat for energy. Quick note: Ketosis and Diabetic KetoAcidosis
are NOT the same thing. Several years back, when I first heard about
low carb diets, I was skeptical and frankly when I heard my close friend’s mother was
trying the Atkins diet, I was worried for her. However, after understanding the biochemistry
behind it, I started doing the ‘Paleo diet’. I felt great in general, had a better physique
with less effort and much more stable energy levels. The downside was it got kind of annoying to
have to plan my meals so much, so I would cheat a lot here and there. The Benefits of Fasting
Even after people were in environments where they could eat much more frequently, the concept
of fasting for health benefits has been around for some time. An Egyptian Pyramid Inscription from around
3800 B.C. reads “Humans live on one-quarter of what they eat; on the other three-quarters
lives their doctor.” Plato apparently fasted for greater mental
efficiency, the “Luther of Medicine” Philippus Paracelsus called fasting “the greatest
remedy” and Mark Twain suggested fasting to be more effective than any medicine. The Romans even found that they cure people
who were possessed with demons by shutting them in a room without food. To simplify an incredibly complex process,
aging in essence is the result of cumulative damage to your DNA. Professor of Genetics, David Sinclair and
his team found that not eating stimulates the Sirtuin proteins which are directly responsible
for DNA repair. Professor of Neuroscience Mark Mattson, at
John Hopkins University Neuroscience showed how fasting promotes the growth of new neurons
in the brain. This explains why fasting has been linked
to the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. This information got me excited about Intermittent
fasting. With intermittent fasting you’re not eating
for 16 hours of the day which gives your body time to deplete the glucose stores and start
burning fat as well as reap the benefits discussed above. So many sources are pointing to the key here
being that whether you are doing extended fasting, intermittent fasting or simply eating
less, you are giving your body a chance to deplete its Glucose stores and dip into ketosis,
leading to the health benefits discussed. I was keen on the fact that I could get similar
effects to Paleo with more leeway in my diet. The problem with Intermittent Fasting was
I found with myself craving food outside of the 8 hour eating period, and I still had
to be somewhat strict with what I ate (although not as strict as my 3 meals a day regimin) Upton Sinclair who was born in the the late
1800’s and lived to the swell age of 90, published a book in 1911 called “The Fasting
Cure”. The book was inspired by the personal accounts
of 250 people who cured some ailment with extended fasting. The ailments ranged from colds, headaches,
constipation to arthritis, valvular heart disease and cancer. Dr. Alan Goldhamer spoke about how in 2012,
a 42 year old patient cured her cancer (stage 3 follicular lymphoma) with a 21 day fast. All this opened me up to try my first week
long fast… but I ended up around the 4th day even though I didn’t feel particularly
bad. While I missed my goal and I didn’t really
feel all that different afterward, over the following days I started to notice something. I used to enjoy eating some refined sugar
crap here and there, but after the fast I wasn’t so interested. It was like it reset my eating preferences. Around this time I came across a book called
“Kuufuku ga hito o kenkou ni suru” – by Dr. Yoshinori Nagumo. The title means ”Hunger makes people healthy”. And it provides an incredibly compelling argument
for limiting yourself to one meal per day. It touched upon many of the things I’ve
talked about here, some things I didn’t and it dispelled some worries I had like malnutrition
and whatnot. (Also, It was easy to trust him since he’s
30 years older than me and looks younger than I do.) I decided to try eating once per day for 2
weeks. For 3 weeks prior to starting, I had been
showing my little sister around Tokyo while eating basically anything and everything that
looked good. I started the Nagumo plan the day after she
left and the first three days were definitely the hardest. When the clock hit around 11AM, I realized
I wasn’t getting the joy from eating that I was used to around this time of day and
started really wanting to eat. My stomach didn’t particularly hurt, it
was the equivalent of not being able to play video games when getting home from Middle
School. Around 4PM was when I was convinced that I
was really hungry and needed to eat. Waiting another 30 minutes until 4.30PM to
eat was like pushing through a last set of squats. The next two days were slightly easier, and
come the 4th day I realized I wasn’t looking at the clock thinking “Ah…Only 4 more
hours to go!”. A week later I decided to put the diet to
the test by doing a 50 kilometer bike ride to Atsugi from Tokyo. I hadn’t been working out all that much
and a usual bike ride for me was about 3 kilometers. It was unsurprisingly difficult, but I never
felt really physically weak. I had hunger pangs earlier than normal, but
I didn’t feel like I had less strength from a lack of food. This made me decide to stick with eating once
per day. It’s been a month since I started and I
feel great in general, my energy levels are very stable, I feel more focused and surprisingly
I have less problems with hunger compared to Intermittent Fasting. Even if I don’t eat the healthiest meal
I can now feel confident that my body will have more than enough time to empty out whatever
excess glucose or toxins I ingested. (The only time I do crave unhealthy food is
when I’ve had some alcohol.) Looking back, it’s hard to imagine having
to pile so much food into my stomach throughout the day. Other than the health benefits, one other
reason I do this is the same reason Steve Jobs wore basically the same thing everyday:
It makes choosing easier and it frees my brain up to focus on other things. At least For myself, the amount of new information
I get only changes my behavior by a small factor. For example if I increase my knowledge about
the detriments of alcohol by say… 60% maybe I’ll cut my intake by 30%. With this article alone I’m not expecting
you to suddenly start eating once per day, but hopefully you can start giving your body
a break and eat when you need to, not when the clock says you should. If you liked this, be sure to subscribe. I’m trying my best to have a new video out
at least every two weeks so stay tuned. You can see my last video here.

100 thoughts on “Longevity & Why I now eat One Meal a Day

  1. I've eaten 1 meal a day for 4 years. My wife hates it since it's usually at 1:30 PM so I never eat dinner with the family. Would I suggest it? No please enjoy your food. I am not motivated by my next meal and do not think about it like everyone else I know.

  2. I eat once a day and that's normal for me
    I have to be more careful what I eat, cause it's only once.
    I do not get hungry I don't snack I don't diet I'm fine

  3. It's important that we "work" for our food and eat it fresh. We must build up our metabolism, so that our digestive processed get in full swing. The longer our food sits after being plucked or killed, the more bacteria it grows and the more it loses valuable nutrients. The more processed and chemically unnatural things that we add to our food or that it absorbs from manufacturing and packaging for bulk, appearance and long term storage, the more our organs have to work, the sicker our bodies get and the harder time we have of eliminating and feeling healthy enough to get enough, sunshine and productivity and it's a steady decline, that will eventually have devastating consequences. Eat well, live well, stay hydrated, pray often and be productive.

  4. Iran chanting "Death to America?" So what would we be chanting if another country invaded Mexico and Canada and killed a million people while taking control of those countries? Not to mention, this evil country kept threatening military action and sanctions against us.

  5. I’ve only had 1 meal a day my whole adult life. Was I was a child I had 3 meals a day because my parents forced me too. My girlfriend moans at me about. She eats 3 meals a day but I work longer hours in a more physical job and sleep a lot less but I’m the weird one

  6. Where and how can i find the proper fasting diet?? Im a skinny guy i dont want to end up turning into dust out of starvation 😂
    Due to my work schedule and school i barely have time to eat or snack so it sounds easier and better to do this

  7. Been eating only one meal a day for years (and 9/10 times it's the same exact meal.) It's just something that works for me and my body.

  8. How do you go down to 1 meal a day when: My son is 22 and 320 lbs. He has a physical job as a grounds agent in Florida, with an airline. He's out in the heat all day lifting heavy luggage and taking overweight passengers up a ramp in wheelchairs, etc. He wakes up and gets extremely hungry and also in need of fluid replacements due to extreme heat and loss of fluids through sweat. He's then very hungry hours later when he gets home and then gets hungry before bed.

  9. For me – I work from home , on the computer all day and I'm in my late 50's. I have grown to 240. We both need a lifestyle change – but really feel like we are on a merry-go-round that won't even slow down, so we get help to change, and which thing is right and how do we do it? Help My cravings for sugar is out of control.

  10. I was very healthy until I moved to America from England, and doctors in the US instructed me to stop drinking whole milk, have skimmed, cut out butter, eat butter substitutes, take statins because my overall cholesterol was high (my HDL was high). Within two years of living in the US, I developed acid reflux, and went onto PPIs for years. Once on PPIs I went through stomach issues, and developed metabolic conditions. Since keto all that has resolved. Doctors here want you to rely on medications for life, that’s the way they make their money.

  11. I agree with much of this premise. Still, food is a pleasure that makes life worth living. If we exercise, eat smart – lots of fruit and vegetables, minimal red meat – and lower our caloric intake, it seems counter intuitive that there would be anything physically threatening about eating three small meals a day.

  12. I gave been eating twice a day for a very long time and only added snacks later on for a quick dopamine release. But I will say this. we all got different biological makeups. If I do not eat my 2 meals a day, I will not only be starving and weak but have been known to blackout (no I am not diabetic and no other related illness). I think this is my metabolic rate and I have to do whats best for it.

  13. Breakfast is nothing more than a marketing joke. Break the Fast. It totally ruins your bodies ability to burn the fuel that you stored in it the previous day, therefore you are now packing on more calories than your body can normally burn off. We as Americans are WAY over fed. I just recently began this approach and it has worked wonders for me. Went from 191 to 174 in about 5 weeks. Never even did a pushup. I was amazed at how my body reacted. I eat one time during the day and that is all I need. Took a little getting used to but once I embraced it it was easy! To think I used to be one of those guys who HAD to go to Hardees every morning eat his gravy and biscuits and hash browns or whatever. It was the way I was raised since I can remember. Knowledge is a powerful thing.

  14. we didnt evolved lol (sry i just couldnt watch further of the evolution part) the gods(nowadays called as extraterrestrials) )from the ancient past created the human species, didnt it ever occured to you all the human species is the only species that donteven know for sure what to eat what not all natural being knows everything by birth those are missing from us its been artificially taken out… humans are programmable whatever u teach them theyll do and believe in that perfect slave specie, a genius genetical art of an advanced race
    humans r so dumb it will take forever to figure it out collectively we are a gmo species
    folks time to wake up

  15. Thank you thank you thank you for sharing 🙏 Great channel 🔥 Awesome informative work 👏 Keep up the great work 👍

  16. That's great news, now all the money I'd normally spend on food can better yet go straight to ice cold beers. 😉😄😲😵😎

  17. I started foregoing the 3 meal thing 2-3 years ago, not because I was trying to be healthy but because that was convenient for my disorderly lifestyle but I noticed that I feel much better that way. I lost around 10 kg in around half a year and haven't gained weight since. I especially like foregoing breakfast, I try to not eat anything until after 3-4 hours after waking up and try to do my work out while hungry.

  18. I am counting calories (Not to lose weight but I've going to the Gym for a week) and since i always eat when I feel like it I had two meals today. The second meal was soooo much bigger than the first one but my calorie counter said thats how much I need. The amount made me a little nervous because I usually cant overeat. It all fit in tho and I even wanted to finish all of it. Guess if you need your body will allow it to fit in haha

  19. I am trying to lose weight and I started screwing with my metabolic stasis! In doing so I found that I don't eat as regularly or feel the need to eat. It's like I have awakened something in me and this videos help me stay strong and realize not wanting to eat isn't going to kill me. Because before watching this video I would make myself in just because I thought that I had to. I'm cutting out carbs is something I found out a few years ago but didn't understand why until here recently.

  20. My grandfather hasn't had a single meal in over 3 weeks, and he hasn't complained once. He also died 3 weeks ago, but still…

  21. Just think how our ancestors ate. No food available 24/7. Days without food lots of times. Hours or days without water too.
    So 1-3 days or longer without food is the most natural eating pattern for millions of years for humans. ZERO PROCESS FOODS!

  22. You tell us ur diet, but u do not show us what you look like…. You could be a bag of bones with every disease known to man for all we know!

  23. Started eating once a day naturally even before watching this video, and was wondering why body feels much better and if actually we are supposed to eat 3 times a day! This video was confirmation that actually we don't need eating 3 x a day!

  24. " I store a meat in the belly of my brother" that's explains. They were headhunters! One huge meal then starve for days.. Hehe

  25. Thank you for the video. Appreciated.

    A request. Please drop the homosapien evolutionary theory as it is based on unproven assumptions.

  26. This is an amazing video that sums up all the facts so well! Personally, I do eat only one meal a day, but it's breakfast. I'm on a sports team that practices in the morning so "breakfast" is the one I prefer. What I mean is I usually eat in the AM hours. I think when people eat is unique to everyone.

  27. Both my mom and sister had Esophagus issues where it closed up. They had different surgeries to expand it but neither had success. Through all this they both lost over 100 lbs. My mom died the day her feeding tube was put in. She had zero energy even though she was taking vitamins, etc, and going to medical rehab. Her doctors were stumped. My sister has a feeding tube which helps energy wise because they are giving her shakes which my mom could not have. Her [different] doctors are also stumped. My sister oddly enough was on the KETO diet for a year and had great success before this happened. But now she is forced to have some carbs in her shakes. We now know the issue is hereditary and I am facing early signs of it. I do not have 100 lbs to lose though. So I am on a journey to find out how to combat it before it takes over. Which is how I ended up here.

  28. I used to eat only when I felt hungry but when I was in working in Saudi Arabia. Our cook said, if you are late for your meals. You have no food until your next meal. So I tried not missing them. Guess what, I gained weight.

  29. I started to fast ,eating twice a day and a lost around 35 lbs ,I had never been able to lose fat in my life, now I'm eating once a day and the first thing I can tell you is I'M NOT HUNGRY not like you would assume. I crave things , yes ! but I crave food not junk food. If I want a burger I cook it myself at home I don't buy it .
    ,also I stopped drinking sugar or eating it through the week . ONLY WATER . and overall I feel better , my mood is better, I'm more focus, and if I want to eat dinner once a week I do it . If I want a piece of cake I have it, because I feel in control , I'm even exercising 4 times a week . the tricky part is to know what to eat so you don't feel bored or unmotivated

  30. i always felt achieved after i endured a few minutes of starvation throughout the day EVERYDAY. i eat what i want because I don't have allergies so yay!

  31. first i thought this was going to be some extremist viewpoint. but i completely agree with him at the end – you shouldn't eat because of the time you should eat as and when your hungry and just eat enough to satisfy that without indulging every time

  32. Ive ate 1-2 meals a day for yrs. I rarely snack too. And I feel stable and NOT hungry like I did when I ate the typical way. Never hit a wall in the afternoon either.

  33. I also live in Japan and started fasting on a regular basis and initially shed 5 kilos in the first three days and about eleven days ago kicked into ketosis again and added more cardio in order to completely burn my belly fat off and won’t stop till it’s all gone now…and feel great for the most part although did experience a few headaches which I believe was at least in part due to my love of consuming several cups of coffee daily.

  34. I don't get why eating one meal a day should make less hunger problems than a 16 hours intermittent fasting, you say surprisingly it did but there's no logical explanation to this in your video, which is something I would have liked to see

  35. I looove foood i eat like a champion! Im almost 30 but people always think Im 19. Must be all the eggs i eat in the morning 🙃

  36. Fantastic video. Fasting is not a fad it is the basis for life as we know it and how selection has shaped the modern world.

  37. I tried this for one day and it was hell to to go sleep on an empty stomach. What time of the day did you have that ONE meal? How do you get to sleep on an empty stomach?

  38. tried eating once a day for about 3 weeks , felt really great and lost about 10kgs however i fell sick with malaria and had to eat twice a day in order to take the medicine… now its so hard to go back to the diet but i know for sure it works wonders

  39. In the Nation of Islam, we teach eating once a day and have been for 80+ years. For more, read How to Eat to Live by the Hon Elijah Muhammad. Also, look at the skin of the Hon Min Louis Farrakhan and his youthful spirit at the age of 85.

  40. 1 more thing,, you did take into account that an orange that your grandpa ate as a child was 8x more nutritional than the ones we have today thx to the direct link to Monsanto GMOs 😉 thx and have a blessed day

  41. It's easier in japan because they're not drowning in unhealthy crap. America you gotta work to find healthy. And nutritionalist lie and truth in general is scarce.

  42. We are not terrestrial to this planet and we were a product of the Annunaki, look to the past ….Ancient Sumeria & Atlantis.

  43. Is there any science-based argument against fasting? There was a lot of useful information here but overall the video seemed pretty one-sided. Clearly the case can be made for cutting carbohydrates but it remains to be seen whether fasting is markedly more or less effective that eating "clean". Also this video made it unclear what role of any rigorous exercise plays in dieting. Cardiovascular exercise burns more calories than a sedentary lifestyle even with these caloric intake adjustment, and weight training affects the metabolism in the long-run. What effect would eating once per day have on strength and endurance?

  44. Hmm I think about only eating once a day but I get so many side effects. Like I feel dizzy, am literally in pain because of my empty stomach, I feel sick. But if I eat one meal all over the day I feel okayish.

  45. The Honorable Elijah Muhammad taught about the value of healthy adults (who aren't pregnant or breastfeeding) eating 1 nutritious meal a day, with nothing in between except for water and coffee; then 1 meal every other day; and ultimately every 3 days in the 1930s and later compiled his teaching into 2 books: "How To Eat To Live" … some thought him mad.

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